Please read aloud in class, as well as project onto the board. After you have viewed everything on this page, please go to Google Classroom to complete a writing assignment about J.S.Bach.
The Story of Johann Sebastian Bach (1685 - 1750)
Johann Sebastian Bach was born in Eisenbach, Germany, into a large family of musicians. His father played the violin. Other relatives were fiddlers, music copyists, town pipers, and played oboe or organ. It is no wonder tha Bach grew up loving music.
Bach's parents died when he was 10 years old. He went to live with his oldest brother, Christoph, who taught him to play the harpsichord and organ. During this time, Bach went to school where his boy soprano voice was admired. When his voice changed, he studied violin, but soon became interested in the organ and decided to pursue church music. At the age of 18, he became an organist at Arnstadt and began composing.
When he was 22, Bach moved to Muhlhausen and married Maria Barbara Bach. They had 7 children. He was known as an outstanding church musician and excellent organist and was appointed court organist and violinist to the Duke of Weimar. He stayed in Weimar for 9 years, and during this time Bach composed some of his finest organ music, including the great Toccata and Fugue in D Minor, as well as church cantatas and keyboard suites.
In 1717, when he was 32, Bach accepted the post of master of music to Prince Leopold of Anhalt-Cothen. While there he composed much of his orchestral music including the six popular Brandenburg Concertos and works for clavichord and harpsichord. Bach's wife, Maria died in 1720, and in 1721 he married the beautiful Anna Magdalena Wulkern, who was a good singer and musician. Bach had 13 more children with her and taught most of his children to play a musical instrument. He composed a Little Book For The Keyboard for his 9 year old son, Wilhelm Friedemann. Wilhelm grew up to be a respected performer and composer in his own right, as did several of Bach's sons.
In 1723, Bach accepted the post of music director of St. Thomas's School in Leipzig. Here he composed many of his most famous choral works, including his Christmas Oratorio, and the St. Matthew Passion.
Bach was a deeply religious and devoted family man. His music was signed "S.D.G." (Soli Deo Gloria) Which means "to the glory of God". He spent many musical evenings with his family, and boasted that he could form a vocal and instrumental ensemble just from his family alone.
Bach became blind in 1749 and died in 1750. Johann Sebastian Bach is considered to be one of the greatest masters of music of the Baroque period
Please listen to 3 or 4 minutes of each of the videos below
Important Facts To Know About
Johann Sebastian Bach
Born: 1685 in Germany
Period of Music: Baroque
Instrument(s) He Played: Organ, Harpsichord, Violin
Harpsichord: Little Book for the Keyboard, The Well Tempered Clavier
Organ: Toccata and Fugue in D Minor
Orchestra: Brandenburg Concertos
Choral: Christmas Oratorio, St. Matthew Passion
Interesting Facts: Bach taught many of his 20 children to play musical instruments. He composed the Little Book For Keyboard for his 9 year old son.
Suggested Listening: Invention in A Minor
Here is the piece that is "suggested listening"
Here is a piece that most people who play the piano for a few years learn to play. Have you ever heard it before?